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Title: An Open Data and Citizen Science Approach to Building Resilience to Natural Hazards in a Data-Scarce Remote Mountainous Part of Nepal
Authors: Parajuli, Binod Prasad
Khadka, Prakash
Baskota, Preshika
Shakya, Puja
Liu, Wei
Pudasaini, Uttam
B.C., Roniksh
Paul, Jonathan D.
Buytaert, Wouter
Vij, Sumit
Keywords: Flood Control::Hazard, प्रकोप, Peligro, বিপদ
Flood Control:: Intensive risk, सघन वा तीव्र जोखिम, Riesgo intensivo, তীব্র ঝুঁকি
Flood Control::Mitigation, अल्पीकरण, Mitigación, প্রশমন
Flood Control::Land-use planning, भू–उपयोग योजना, Ordenamiento territorial, ভূমি ব্যবহার পরিকল্পনা
Issue Date: 13-Nov-2020
Publisher: MDPI Sustainability
Citation: Parajuli, B.P.; Khadka, P.; Baskota, P.; Shakya, P.; Liu, W.; Pudasaini, U.; B.C., R.; Paul, J.D.; Buytaert, W.; Vij, S. An Open Data and Citizen Science Approach to Building Resilience to Natural Hazards in a Data-Scarce Remote Mountainous Part of Nepal. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9448.
Abstract: The citizen science approach has gained momentum in recent years. It can enable both experts and citizen scientists to co-create new knowledge. Better understanding of local environmental, social, and geographical contexts can help in designing appropriate plans for sustainable development. However, a lack of geospatial data, especially in the context of developing countries, often precludes context-specific development planning. This study therefore tests an innovative approach of volunteer citizen science and an open mapping platform to build resilience to natural hazards in the remote mountainous parts of western Nepal. In this study, citizen scientists and mapping experts jointly mapped two districts of Nepal (Bajhang and Bajura) using the OpenStreetMap (OSM) platform. Remote mapping based on satellite imagery, capacity building, and mobilization of citizen scientists was performed to collect the data. These data were then uploaded to OSM and later retrieved in ArcGIS to produce a usable map that could be exploited as a reference resource for evidence-based decision-making. The collected data are freely accessible to community members as well as government and humanitarian actors, and can be used for development planning and risk reduction. By piloting in two communities of western Nepal, we found that using open data platforms for collecting and analyzing location-based data has a mutual benefit for researchers and communities. Such data could be vital in understanding the local landscape, environmental risk, and distribution of resources. Furthermore, they enable both researchers and local people to transfer technical knowledge, collect location-specific data, and use them for better decision-making.
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